Diocesan records and episcopal papers, 1816-1993, undated
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Brief Description:

This collection contains the personal papers of seven bishops of Charleston as well as records relating to their episcopal administration. Bishops include John England, Ignatius A. Reynolds, Patrick N. Lynch, Henry P. Northrop, William T. Russell, Emmet J. Walsh, and John J. Russell. Also included is pre-diocesan correspondence of Reverend James Wallace.

The pre-diocesan correspondence belongs to James Wallace, a Catholic priest and mathematics professor at South Carolina College.  The correspondence ranges from 1818, two years before the erection of the diocese, until 1844.  Included are letters to and from Stephen Elliot, a South Carolina botanist; Wallace’s niece, Elisa Brenan; and Reverend Benedict Fenwick, president of Georgetown College and a priest assigned to the Diocese of Charleston from 1818-1822.

John England's material includes personal papers such as the original Diurnal of the Right Rev. John England, D.D., First Bishop of Charleston, S.C., from 1820 to 1823, estate records, and a silk cloth depicting newspaper articles written on the occasion of his death; correspondence; and writings such as the Diocese of Charleston constitution, as well as pastoral and circular letters.

Ignatius A. Reynolds's materials contain personal papers, correspondence, and financial records.  Included are a journal containing an accounting of his sea voyage on board the Roscius, an estate book with entries made by Bishop Patrick Lynch, correspondence with letters from Reynolds to Patrick Lynch as well as correspondence from Claudius B. Northrop, and financial account and bank books.

Patrick N. Lynch's material includes personal papers such as biographical material including a completed insurance form with various genealogical data, family and personal correspondence, journals, and estate books. There is also a list of slaves, a list of yellow fever patients, and a list of federal prisoners taken at Fort Sumter in 1861. Professional papers include various committee correspondence and rules from organizations such as the Elliott Society of Natural History and the U.S. Centennial Committee.  The Fire Relief Committee contains reports, correspondence, and financial records regarding compensation to Charlestonians for property destroyed during the fire of 1861.  Patrick Lynch’s letter of introduction as a special commissioner to the Confederate States in also included.  The diocesan administrative records includes accounting and seminarian reports for the American College in Rome, a diocesan directory, financial records such as accounting ledgers, a New York charitable contributions list, subscription list of accounts, a hospital account book, the Sisters of Charity charitable subscription list for the relief of the indigent sick at Roper Hospital, a Cathedral fund, and miscellaneous receipts.  Parish records include plans and correspondence regarding the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, St. Mary of the Annunciation, a Blackville Church, a Sullivan’s Island church, the Academy of Our Lady of Mercy, a cemetery, lots belonging to C. B. Northrop in Irwin County, Georgia, and unknown buildings.  Also included is records and correspondence regarding the Ursuline Community in Valle Crucis, near Columbia, South Carolina. Lynch’s writings include essays, sermons, and lectures, as well as "A Few Words on the Domestic Slavery in the Confederate States of America by a Catholic Clergyman” written in English and translated into French, German, and Spanish. Also included is a folder of documents taken by Peter Guilday and returned from Catholic University of America in 2001. This folder contains an 1863 State of the Diocese report to Propaganda Fide with a description of the bombardment of Charleston during the Civil War, the 1861 fire in Charleston, and a property report for diocesan properties throughout the state.  It also includes correspondence from Judah Benjamin to Lynch, and letters to and from Jefferson Davis and Pope Pius IX.

Henry P. Northrop's materials includes a diocese of Charleston administrative report and personal papers including correspondence with Mary Brownfield, transcribed letters from Claudius Northrop, and others; estate ledgers containing a copy of Northrop’s last will and testament, as well as information regarding real estate, personal property, and trust funds; and a postcard collection.

William T. Russell's materials include personal and professional papers as well as documents from the National Catholic War Council (NCCW). Personal papers include his ordination as bishop of Charleston with a copy of The Patrician: the Bishop Russell Number, printed in honor of his ordination; writings by W. Russell including sermons and printed pamphlets; and material relating to his death.  The professional papers include correspondence; diocesan executive reports including Committee on Women’s Activities, Committee on Men’s Activities, Committee on Reconstruction, Department of Vocational Rehabilitation, and Committee on Historical Records; and Knights of Columbus.  The National Catholic War Council includes various committee reports and minutes, newsletters, and pamphlets.

Emmet M. Walsh's materials include personal and professional papers.  The personal papers include invitations, articles, and ephemera from his installation as bishop of Charleston and Youngstown, as well as the tenth and twentieth anniversaries of his ordination; and death.  His professional papers include correspondence regarding the Apostolic Delegate communications during World War II, mostly addressed to and from Joseph L. Manning, Chancellor; and newspaper clippings. Photographs are of family, parishioners, and men and women religious.

John J. Russell, papers include personal papers and professional papers. The personal papers contain documents for the Archdiocese of Washington, including Russell’s appointment of faculties; Russell's installation as bishop of Charleston, with text of his installation sermon; and death.  Professional papers include material relating to Russell’s involvement with the Catholic Committee of the South, such as committee reports, administrative records, meeting minutes, and correspondence. There are also images of Russell’s ordination as well as Masses held at Bishop England High School.

Held at:
Catholic Diocese of Charleston Archives
114 Broad St. - Rear Building
P.O. Box 818
Charleston, SC 29402
Phone: 843-724-8372
Fax: 843-724-6387
Email: bfahey [at] catholic-doc.org
Record Series Number: A/03/1056
Created by: Catholic Church. Diocese of Charleston (S.C.), England, John, 1786-1842, Lynch, Patrick N., 1817-1882, Northrop, Henry Pinckney, 1842-1916, Reynolds, Ignatius Aloysius, Russell, John J., Russell, William T. (William Thomas), 1863-1927, Wallace, J. (James), -1851, Walsh, Emmet M. (Emmet Michael), 1892-1968
Volume: 4.84 Linear Feet
Acquired: 02/01/2015.

1. Pre-diocesan papers, 1818-1844, undated

2. John England, 1816-1844, undated

3. Ignatius A. Reynolds, 1845-1857

4. Patrick N. Lynch, 1840-1880, undated

5. Henry Northrop, 1850-1917, undated

6. William Russell, 1917-1927, undated

7. Emmet M. Walsh, 1890, 1927-1949, undated

8. John J. Russell, 1948-1993, undated

Access Restrictions: Open for research.
Subject Index
Bishops -- South Carolina -- Charleston
Catholic Church -- Bishops -- Correspondence
Consecration of bishops
England, John, 1786-1842
Lynch, Patrick Niesen, 1817-1882
Northrop, Henry, Bishop of Charleston, 1842-1916
Reynolds, Ignatius A., 1798-1855
Russell, John J., Bishop of Richmond, 1897-1993
Russell, William T. (William Thomas), 1863-1927
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Wallace, J. (James), -1851
Walsh, Emmet M. (Emmet Michael), 1892-1968
Genres/Forms of Material
Administrative records
Clippings (information artifacts)
Financial records
Languages of Materials
English [eng]
Italian [ita]
Latin [lat]
Spanish;Castilian [spa]
Rights/Use Restrictions: The Diocese of Charleston makes no representation that it is the owner of any copyright or other literary property in the materials contained in its archives. In providing access to or permitting the reproduction of any such materials, the Diocese of Charleston does not assume any responsibility for determining the nature of any rights, ownership or interest therein; nor for obtaining the appropriate permissions to publish or use; nor for determining the nature of any liabilities (for defamation and invasion of privacy) that may arise from any publication or use. This rests entirely with the researcher.
Acquisition Notes: Found in collection.  

In 1927, Reverend Peter Guilday published The life and times of John England, first bishop of Charleston (1786-1842).  It is believed that Guilday took diocesan documents (correspondence of James Wallace, Bishop John England, Bishop Patrick Lynch and other records) with him to Catholic University of America, where he was an instructor at the time, while researching his book.  Sometime in the 1940s, Guilday transferred documents regarding Archbishop John Hughes to the Archdiocese of New York. It is possible that some Diocese of Charleston documents were included in that transfer.

August 13, 1992 – H. Warren Willis, archivist for The Catholic University of America (CUA), contacts Sister Anne Francis Campbell, archivist for the Diocese of Charleston (DOC).

August 14, 1992 – Willis sends Bishop Patrick Lynch correspondence to the DOC archives.  These are part of the letters that had been taken by Peter Guilday during his research in the 1920s.  (This material was stored in MSS 2009.029, Box 7/Folder 5. It is now in MSS 1056 Box 5/Folder 2).

September 26, 2000 – Eric Fair, archivist for CUA, contacts Mary Giles, DOC archivist, regarding the Edward James Wallace collection, which they believe once belonged to the DOC.

February 12, 2001 – CUA transfers the Rev. Edward J. Wallace [sic] papers (and others) from the CUA archives to the DOC archives. There are approximately 250 documents.

Spring 2001 – Mary Giles compiles an inventory of the CUA 2001 transfer.  Notes indicate she separated and filed the material into four parts: Wallace correspondence, Non-Wallace correspondence, Pre-Diocesan and Episcopal Records collection (2009.028), and the Episcopal Papers and Records collection (2009.029).  The Episcopal Papers and Records collection (2009.029) possibly includes documents from the 1992 CUA transfer.

2008-2010 – DOC archivist Jennifer E. Neal processes the Episcopal papers and records (2009.029).  She indicates in the acquisitions/scope note: This collection contains original and photocopied materials transferred to the archives from the Chancery, other archival institutions, and several unknown sources.  A majority of this collection was organized by Father William C. Burn * during his tenure as diocesan archivist.  It was reorganized and added to by Father Burn's successors, resulting in unknown provenance and original order. These materials were collected and organized after the completion of the seminarian project in which all diocesan administrative materials from 1727 to 1951 were compiled for the Pre-Diocesan and Episcopal Records collection (2009.028).  The seminarian project began in 1960 and was completed in 1970, in which seminarians were sent to the archives in the summer months to arrange and catalogue the diocesan administrative records according to an adaptation of the system used in the Baltimore Cathedral Archives.

Records in this collection (2009.029) include some personal papers and administrative materials regarding the administration of seven bishops of Charleston.  Some records belonging to the diocese were found in various archives around the United States and returned to the archives; one example being part of the Peter Guilday Papers at the Catholic University of America.  Seminarians reported removing many of the Lynch papers from the Pre-Diocesan and Episcopal Records "due to their peculiar nature."  In other words, the papers were of personal interests and family correspondence, not pertaining to Lynch's administration of the diocese.  The collection is divided into seven series; John England, Ignatius A. Reynolds, Patrick N. Lynch, Henry P. Northrop, William T. Russell, Emmet J. Walsh, and John J. Russell.  Materials are arranged by series, and alphabetically by subject at the folder level.

February 2013 – DOC archivist Melissa Bronheim Mabry finds loose material in the archives and processes them as small collection MSS 9031, the Bishop Lynch Commission collection.

November 10, 2016 – Brian Fahey, DOC archivist, contacts Kate Feighery, Archdiocese of New York archivist, looking for Guilday’s papers on Archbishop Hughes.  Kate Feighery states that the documents are not at the Archdiocese of NY archives and suspects they are at Columbia University archives, possibly in the Henry Joseph Brown papers (Mss 0158). Columbia University staff could not confirm or deny this supposition.

February 2017 – Archivist Melissa Bronheim Mabry processes MSS 1056.

* Father Burn card catalog numbers 308L and 309L – see accession folder for contents of former boxes.  Father Burn pulled miscellaneous Lynch material from the archives and boxed the records together.  He labelled the boxes 308L and 309L.  A description of the content can be found on the cards.  When this collection was processed in 2009, 308L or 309L were included in each folder title.  This has been removed since it does not reflect the provenance of the material, only a classification schema created in the 1970s.

Related Materials: Pre-Diocesan and Episcopal Records, 1727-1951 (2009.028). For more information please see http://sccatholic.org/downloads/archives/Archives_calendar_finding_aid.pdf.
PreferredCitation: [identification of item], Diocesan records and episcopal papers, Diocese of Charleston Archives, Charleston, SC